6602 East Carondelet Drive, Tucson, AZ 85710
Focused solutions for your family's sight and success.

What is Vision Therapy?

Vision therapy is a doctor-supervised, customized program of visual activities for the eyes and the brain
designed to treat certain vision problems and improve visual skills. It’s a highly effective non-surgical
treatment for many common visual problems and certain reading and learning disabilities.

Our in-office vision therapy is supervised by optometric vision care professionals. Although we incorporate home
vision therapy into some of our programs, our methods at Arizona Vision Therapy Center are much more effective and
comprehensive than the self-directed “home vision therapy” methods which you can find online.

How Does Vision Therapy Work?

The first step in our vision therapy program is to receive a comprehensive vision exam. Following a thorough evaluation, our qualified vision care and board-certified professional, Dr. Amy Thomas, can advise you as to whether vision therapy would be appropriate treatment for you or your child. If vision therapy is appropriate, you’ll then receive a customized vision treatment plan supervised by one of our trained vision care professionals.


Functional Visual Skills Exam

The first evaluation is a Functional Visual Skills Exam. In this exam, Dr. Thomas will assess the functional visual skills for both near and distance vision. This testing will show both if there is a vision problem that is affecting daily life, and the extent of the problem.

The exam will take approximately one hour to complete. Dr. Thomas will check the following:

  • Visual Symptoms
  • Visual Acuity at Near and Far
  • Ocular Posture (aiming skills)
  • Eye Movement Skills
  • Tendency to Suppress (shut off) an eye
  • Refractive Condition
  • Eye Teaming Skills
  • Eye Focusing Skills
  • Integration of Developmental Reflexes and General Coordination of the eyes and body

After the exam, Dr. Thomas will be able to offer a diagnosis and possible treatment options for you. Depending on the symptoms and findings, Dr. Thomas may recommend the second part of the exam, the visual perceptual exam.

Visual Perceptual Exam

The next part of the evaluation is the Visual Perceptual Exam. This exam will take approximately 11⁄2 hours and helps determine your ability to take in visual information, process that information, and act on it.

Dr. Thomas will check the following:

  • Eye-hand Coordination
  • Reversal of Letters/Words
  • Visual Discrimination
  • Visual Spatial Relations
  • Visual Memory
  • Visual Memory with Graphic Output
  • Color vision
  • Focusing Endurance
  • Visual Form Constancy
  • Visual Figure Ground
  • Visual Closure
  • Tracking while reading text
  • Preferred dominance of brain, eye, ear, hand, foot
  • Eye-Body coordination
  • Ability to learn new visual information

Vision Affects Everything in Life.


Once the Full Evaluation is complete, a Complimentary Consultation will be scheduled with Dr. Thomas to discuss the results of the testing. At the consultation, we will discuss the doctor’s findings, how those findings affect your life, and recommended actions for treatment (glasses, therapy, referral to another specialty and/or observation). If a vision therapy program is necessary, the length of the program will be discussed.


Vision Therapy Treatment Plan

If vision therapy is recommended, it is typically provided in 50 minute sessions once a week. This is a one-on-one session in which the therapist will introduce and monitor various visual exercises. The treatment plan also includes vision therapy at home activities assigned by the therapist. Vision therapy at home exercises are expected to be done 15 minutes per day on the days that you are in not in the office. Dr. Thomas will monitor the therapy throughout the program and also provide progress evaluations approximately every 10-12 sessions. Progress is evaluated 1, 3, and 6 months after the therapy is completed to ensure that all concepts were learned fully.


The length of our vision therapy program is based upon the severity of symptoms, diagnoses, age, and learning challenges. 24 – 48 weekly sessions are typically prescribed.


While at-home vision exercises are part of our program, we don’t recommend pursuing a solely self-directed at-home
treatment plan like the ones you can find online. Our vision therapy programs are highly individualized and conducted under the supervision of a trained vision therapist, giving you the best and most efficient results.


Many types of specialized equipment can be used in vision therapy programs, such as:

  • Corrective lenses
  • Therapeutic lenses
  • Prism lenses
  • Optical filters
  • Occluders or eye patches
  • Electronic targets with timing mechanisms
  • Computer software
  • Balance boards (vestibular device)
  • Visual-motor-sensory integration training devices


Right Eye is a computerized program that allows the doctor to see how your eyes track while reading or hitting a ball or just sitting through a presentation. The Right Eye technology is used for most patients to screen for tracking problems, aiming problems, and eye teaming problems. It also shows a person’s eye movements as they read. The technology includes a printed graph of your eye-tracking movements that can be used to communicate with others, such as your  child’s teacher.

Vision Therapy Treatments

Vision Therapy Can Help.

Learn how vision therapy can help you or your loved one.